New Study Dives Into Resveratrol and Brain Health
By Eric Madrid MD
Over the last 30 years, the number of people with dementia worldwide has doubled. This number is expected to continue to rise as the average age of the world population increases. Lifestyle choices such as diet and regular physical activity are an important component in keeping the brain healthy and functioning at an optimal level.
Most have heard that red wine may be good for one’s health, especially brain health. But why is that? According to scientists, it contains a life-preserving compound known as resveratrol.
A 2015 study shows that resveratrol may have the ability to help destroy abnormal cells, prevent vascular disease, and help prevent brain disorders like dementia.
Note: It is important to note that more than moderate alcohol consumption may also be detrimental to one’s health and brain. Therefore, consuming resveratrol from non-alcohol sources should be considered).
What is Resveratrol?
Resveratrol is a phytonutrient, a naturally occurring, plant-based compound found in red wine, grapes, berries, and nuts. Its antioxidant properties protect brain cells and other components of cells from oxidative damage.
Resveratrol’s heart benefits are due, in large part, to its ability to reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol and generate nitrous oxide, a chemical that helps blood circulate through the arteries of the body more efficiently. This effect can also help improve blood flow to the brain, which may explain the benefit seen in the study discussed below.
Food Sources of Resveratrol
A Study Looks at Resveratrol and Brain Health Benefits
A 2020 study in Nutrients evaluated 129 postmenopausal women whose ages ranged from 45 to 85 years. The women were randomized into two identical groups. 66 of the women were given a placebo pill to take twice per day while the remaining 63 women were given 75 mg of resveratrol to take twice per day. The study lasted for a duration of 12 months. The researchers evaluated resveratrol’s effect on cognition, blood flow to the brain, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar.
After conducting a final analysis, the researchers concluded that regular consumption of resveratrol can improve cognitive brain function in post-menopausal women and could potentially slow cognitive decline in women as they age. Specifically, researchers noted an improvement in the brain’s processing speed, cognitive flexibility, and overall cognitive performance. Blood Flow Velocity (BFV) to the brain was also improved.
They also noted a small improvement in blood sugar levels but no change in other metabolic markers.
These promising findings suggest that regular consumption of foods rich in resveratrol and possibly resveratrol supplements themselves can provide beneficial effects to the aging brain and optimize brain performance and function.
Suggested dose: 75 mg to 250 mg once or twice per day.
- Kilic Eren M, Kilincli A, Eren Ö. Resveratrol Induced Premature Senescence Is Associated with DNA Damage Mediated SIRT1 and SIRT2 Down-Regulation. Hofmann TG, ed. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(4):e0124837. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0124837.
- Chen CK and Pace-Asciak CR (1996) Vasorelaxing activity of resveratrol and quercetin in isolated rat aorta. Gen Pharmacol 27: 363-366.
- Mukherjee S, Dudley JI, Das DK. Dose-Dependency of Resveratrol in Providing Health Benefits. Dose-Response. 2010;8(4):478-500. doi:10.2203/dose-response.09-015.Mukherjee.
- Thaung Zaw JJ, Howe PRC, Wong RHX. Sustained Cerebrovascular and Cognitive Benefits of Resveratrol in Postmenopausal Women. Nutrients. 2020;12(3):828. Published 2020 Mar 20. doi:10.3390/nu12030828